Rajm Nama

The Razmnamah (Book of War) is a Persian translation of the Mahabharata. In Persian, “Razm” means “war” and “nama” means “tale” or “epic”; the name Razmnamah, therefore, means a tale of war. In 1574 Akbar started a Maktab Khana or a house of translation works in Fatehpur Sikri. He endorsed the work to a few officials to make translations of the Sanskrit books Rajatarangini, Ramayana and Mahabharata into the Persian language. Continue reading “Rajm Nama”


Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak  (23 July 1856 – 1 August 1920), born as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist. He was the first leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities called him “Father of the Indian unrest.” He was also conferred with the honorary title of “Lokmanya”, which literally means “accepted by the people (as their leader)”. Continue reading “Bal Gangadhar Tilak”

Durand Line

Durand Line, boundary established in the Hindu Kush in 1893 running through the tribal lands between Afghanistan and British India, marking their respective spheres of influence; in modern times it has marked the border between Afghanistan-Pakistan and Afghanistan-India. The acceptance of this line—which was named for Sir Mortimer Durand, who induced ʿAbdor Raḥmān Khān, amir of Afghanistan, to agree to a boundary—may be said to have settled the Indo-Afghan frontier problem for the rest of the British period. Continue reading “Durand Line”

Port City of Indus Valley Civilization

Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization, located in the Bhal region of the modern state of Gujarat and dating from 3700 BCE. Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from 13 February 1955 to 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the official Indian government agency for the preservation of ancient monuments. Continue reading “Port City of Indus Valley Civilization”


Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work Indika. He was born in Asia Minor and became an ambassador of Seleucus I Nicator of the Seleucid dynasty possibly to Chandragupta Maurya in Pataliputra, India. However the exact date of his embassy is uncertain. Scholars place it before 298 BCE, the date of Chandragupta’s death. Continue reading “Megasthenes”

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

The impact of modern Western Culture and consciousness of defeat by a foreign power gave birth to a new awakening. Thoughtful Indians began to look for the strengths and weaknesses of Indian society an ways to remove the weaknesses. The central figure in this awakening was Raja Ram Mohan Roy. He is regarded as the first leader of modern India. He worked hard all his life for their social, religious, intellectual and political regeneration. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born at Radhanagar, Hoogly in 1872. He was a scholar who knew many languages, including Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, English, French, Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Continue reading “Raja Ram Mohan Roy”

Ravidas’ teachings to be part of MP School Syllabus

MP government has decided to introduce lessons based on the life and teachings of Sant Ravidas, also known as Sant Raidas, a Dalit-poet saint from the Bhakti Movement era, in the school curriculum. Continue reading “Ravidas’ teachings to be part of MP School Syllabus”